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During a police interrogation, it's crucial for the police to adhere to a fixed procedure. Often, the police work with an interrogation plan, meticulously considering the questions that need to be asked and the sequence in which they should be asked. When drafting the interrogation plan, all available evidence, statements from potential witnesses, and the filed report are taken into account. During a police interrogation, emphasis is placed on the statement of the complainant and the witnesses, making it important for a suspect to be well-prepared and alert. Therefore, a wise suspect contacts a lawyer beforehand.

Three distinct phases are identified in a police interrogation.

1. Initial Contact

At the start of the interrogation, the police initiate a general introduction. They offer the suspect a drink and attempt to establish rapport. Additionally, the suspect receives an explanation about the interrogators and the nature of the interrogation. This phase is pivotal in enhancing the suspect's willingness to provide a statement.

2. Personal-focused Interrogation

This segment of the interrogation delves into the suspect as an individual and their personal circumstances. It may cover aspects such as the suspect's identity, occupation, living situation, and any existing issues. Simultaneously, the police discreetly pose questions that could be relevant to the investigation, such as inquiries about the suspect's phone, car, acquaintances, or household. It's advisable for the suspect to be alert and consider exercising their right to remain silent during this phase.

3. Case-focused Interrogation

This part of the interrogation concentrates on the case itself. It's a crucial phase where the suspect should be especially vigilant. The suspect has the right to remain silent and should avoid making impulsive statements.

Crucial Tips and Remarks

For a fair interrogation, it's important for a suspect to bear certain things in mind. The police might attempt to pressurize the suspect. However, the suspect maintains control over their own statement and is not obliged to answer questions. A suspect has various rights, including the right to access the case documents and review the police report. It's a good idea to verify if the police has noted down everything as intended by the suspect before signing. Also, requesting a copy of the statement is advisable.

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